by Niall Douglas. Last updated . This page has been accessed 285,310 times since the 6th January 2002.
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These are your results. Remember that these results reflect an aptitude for a particular intelligence, not an actual measure of that intelligence:
Linguistic: The ability to read, write and communicate with words. Authors, journalists, poets, orators and comedians are obvious examples of people with linguistic intelligence.
Logical-Mathematical: The ability to reason and calculate, to think things through in a logical, systematic manner. These are the kinds of skills highly developed in engineers, scientists, economists, accountants, detectives and members of the legal profession.
Visual-Spatial: The ability to think in pictures, visualise a future result. To imagine things in your mind's eye. Architects, sculptors, sailors, photographers and strategic planners. You use it when you have a sense of direction, when you navigate or draw.
Musical: The ability to make or compose music, to sing well, or understand and appreciate music. To keep rhythm. It's a talent obviously enjoyed by musicians, composers, and recording engineers. But most of us have a musical intelligence which can be developed.
Bodily-Kinesthetic: The ability to use your body skillfully to solve problems, create products or present ideas and emotions. An ability obviously displayed for athletic pursuits, dancing, acting, artistically, or in building and construction. You can include surgeons in this category but many people who are physically talented–"good with their hands"–don't recognize that this form of intelligence is of equal value to the other intelligences.
Interpersonal: The ability to work effectively with others, to relate to other people, and display empathy and understanding, to notice their motivations and goals. This is a vital human intelligence displayed by good teachers, facilitators, therapists, politicians, religious leaders and sales people.
Intrapersonal: The ability for self-analysis and reflection – to be able to quietly contemplate and assess one's accomplishments, to review one's behavior and innermost feelings, to make plans and set goals, the capacity to know oneself. Philosophers, counselors, and many peak performers in all fields of endeavor have this form of intelligence.
Naturalist: The ability to recognize flora and fauna, to make other consequential distinctions in the natural world and to use this ability productively – for example in hunting, farming, or biological science. Farmers, botanists, conservationists, biologists, environmentalists would all display aspects of this intelligence.
While Gardner's theory is a clearly vast improvement over traditional academic methods, it still has some shortcomings. Gardner himself has postulated the addition of a spiritualist category because there are people out there clearly greatly in tune with spirituality - despite that traditionally western religions have discouraged them (eastern religions are far more spiritual). My own thoughts that his decision to not this was probably the right one because I feel it would be almost entirely a combination of Intrapersonal and Naturalist.
Speaking of which, the generally held main failing of Gardner's theory is lack of distinction between the groups - generally if you have a high aptitude in one it is positively correlated in all the others. This I would personally say is inevitable because humans, being a system, will compensate the failings of one area by using other areas eg; to divide something by two can be done geometrically or arithmetically or indeed a few other ways. Hence poor natural interpersonal skills can be partially helped by application of mathematical theory (eg; like I myself do).
However, there is a mechanistic alternative to Gardner (which I personally don't agree with) called Anderson's Theory of Intelligence and Cognitive Development which basically says each area of intelligence works at different speeds of basic processing and it uses this to improve on Gardner. Search for it on the web if you want to know more.